Career Pathways Intermediate Outcomes (CPIO)

The Career Pathways Intermediate Outcomes (CPIO) study will estimate impacts of the HPOG Impact and the Pathway for Advancing Careers and Education (PACE) studies programs on educational attainment, earnings, and economic well-being following interventions to analyze steps that lead to successful careers.

The Career Pathways Intermediate Outcomes (CPIO) study is a follow-up to the HPOG Impact and the Pathway for Advancing Careers and Education (PACE) studies. Building on the platform developed in these earlier studies, Abt is analyzing the intermediate outcomes of their participants. Funded by HHS’s Administration for Children & Families (ACF), the study estimates impacts of the programs on educational attainment, earnings, and economic well-being three years after these interventions started, allowing almost two more years for participants to complete their education or training and make progress in their careers than in the earlier studies. The study also takes advantage of outcomes measured at 15 months to analyze intermediate steps that lead to success three years after enrollment in the education and training programs. As part of this project, Abt is also synthesizing findings across the HPOG and PACE studies. The Career Pathways Intermediate Outcomes (CPIO) study addresses the following research questions:

  • What are the longer-term effects of the HPOG and PACE programs on their populations of interest?
  • How do effects of career pathways programs vary over time, across outcomes or domains, by occupational sector, by program model, and by participant characteristics?
  • Do different HPOG and PACE models, strategies, or components lead to different impacts for participants?
  • How can career pathways models be adjusted to promote longer-term outcomes for participants?

Timeline for CPIO

In 2014, ACF contracted with Abt Associates to conduct the Career Pathways Intermediate Outcomes Study.  This project is implementing 36-month follow-up studies to the federally sponsored Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG) Impact Study and the Pathways for Advancing Careers and Education (PACE) Project, both of which are examining early program outcomes at 15 months after entry into the study. The goal of the intermediate outcomes studies is to rigorously evaluate the intermediate and longer-term impact of career pathways program models on the educational progress and self-sufficiency of individuals who participate in the programs. The study is due to conclude in 2019 and a final cross-project synthesis brief will be submitted to ACF in summer 2019.

HPOG Grantees Participating in CPIO Study

HPOG Grantees

  • Alamo Community College District and University Health System
  • Bergen Community College
  • Buffalo and Erie County WDC
  • Central Community College
  • Central Susquehanna Intermediate Unit
  • Community Action Project of Tulsa County, Inc.
  • Eastern Gateway Community College
  • Edmonds Community College*
  • Full Employment Council
  • Gateway Community and Technical College (KY)
  • Gateway Technical College (WI)
  • Kansas Department of Commerce
  • Milwaukee Area WIB
  • New Hampshire Office of Minority Health
  • Pensacola State College
  • Pima County Community College
  • Research Foundation of CUNY-Hostos Community College
  • San Diego Workforce Partnership
  • Schenectady County Community College
  • South Carolina Department of Social Services
  • Southland Health Care Forum, Inc.
  • Suffolk County Department of Labor
  • Temple University, Center for Social Policy
  • The WorkPlace
  • WDC of Seattle – King County
  • WIB SDA-83 Inc. (LA)
  • Will County WIB

PACE Partner Sites

Carreras en Salud: Instituto del Progreso Latino, Des Moines Area Community College, Madison Area Technical College, Pima Community College, San Diego Workforce Partnership, Valley Initiative for Development and Advancement, Washington I-BEST program in Bellingham Technical College, Everett Community College, Whatcom Community College, Workforce Development Council of Seattle-King County, and Year Up.

CPIO Partners and Sponsors

Primary Evaluation Sponsor

OPREThe PACE evaluation is funded by The Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation (OPRE). OPRE is the principal advisor to the Assistant Secretary for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, on increasing the effectiveness and efficiency of programs designed to improve the economic and social well-being of children and families.

Lead Evaluator

Abt Associates logoAbt Associates is a mission-driven, global leader in research and program implementation in the fields of health, social and environmental policy, and international development. Known for its rigorous approach to solving complex challenges, Abt Associates is regularly ranked as one of the top 20 global research firms and one of the top 40 international development innovators. The company has multiple offices in the U.S. and program offices in more than 40 countries.

Evaluation Partner

Urban Institute LogoUrban Institute fosters sound public policy and effective government by analyzing policies, evaluating programs, and informing community development to improve social, civic, and economic well-being.


Additional Links


CPIO Project Director
Larry Buron
Principal Associate
Abt Associates

Federal Project Officers
Nicole Constance
Social Science Research Analyst
Administration for Children and Families

Amelia Popham
Social Science Research Analyst
Administration for Children and Families

Other ACF-Sponsored Studies